Exploring Matcha Tea Leaves: From Samidori to Okumidori

Posted on April 26 2023, By: Luke Alcock

Matcha green tea leaves before being harvested

Exploring Matcha Tea Leaves: From Samidori to Okumidori

Introduction to Matcha Tea Leaves

If you're a tea enthusiast, you've probably heard of matcha, the vibrant green tea powder that has taken the world by storm. But did you know that there are numerous matcha tea leaf varieties, each with its unique characteristics and flavor profiles?

In this article, we'll delve into the world of matcha tea leaves and explore several varieties, from Samidori to Okumidori, and beyond.

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Samidori Matcha Tea Leaves


Samidori is a popular matcha tea leaf variety originating from the Uji region of Japan. This variety is known for its bright green color, fine texture, and excellent umami flavor.

Cultivation process

Samidori matcha tea leaves are shade-grown for 20-30 days before being harvested. This process increases the chlorophyll content, contributing to their vivid green color and unique flavor profile. After harvest, the leaves are steamed, dried, and stone-ground into a fine powder.

Flavor profile

Samidori matcha boasts a smooth, rich taste with a balance of umami, sweetness, and a hint of bitterness. It's often considered a top-tier matcha variety due to its exceptional flavor and quality.

Okumidori Matcha Tea Leaves


Okumidori, another matcha tea leaf variety from the Uji region, is known for its intense green color, fine texture, and strong umami flavor. This variety is often used in high-quality ceremonial matcha.

Cultivation process

Like Samidori, Okumidori matcha tea leaves are shade-grown for several weeks before harvest. The extended shading period increases the theanine content, resulting in a more pronounced umami flavor. Once harvested, the leaves undergo the same steaming, drying, and stone-grinding process as Samidori matcha.

Flavor profile

Okumidori matcha features a robust umami taste, accompanied by a slight sweetness and minimal bitterness. Its rich, full-bodied flavor makes it an excellent choice for those who enjoy a more intense matcha experience.

Yabukita Matcha Tea Leaves


Yabukita is a versatile matcha tea leaf variety known for its adaptability and resistance to pests and diseases. It's the most widely cultivated tea variety in Japan, accounting for about 75% of tea production.

Cultivation process

Yabukita matcha tea leaves are also shade-grown before harvest, although the shading period may be shorter than that of Samidori and Okumidori varieties. The leaves are then processed similarly to other matcha varieties, through steaming, drying, and grinding.

Flavor profile

Yabukita matcha offers a balanced flavor with mild umami notes, a pleasant sweetness, and a slight astringency. Its versatility makes it suitable for both ceremonial and everyday use.

Gokou Matcha Tea Leaves


Gokou, another Uji-origin matcha tea leaf variety, is renowned for its exceptional aroma and umami-rich flavor. Its dark green color and fine texture make it a sought-after choice for high-quality matcha.

Cultivation process

Gokou matcha tea leaves are shade-grown for an extended period, which enhances their flavor and aroma. After harvesting, the leaves are steamed, dried, and ground into a fine powder.

Flavor profile

Gokou matcha is characterized by its intense umami flavor, with a velvety texture and a lingering, sweet aftertaste. Its rich aroma and well-rounded taste make it a favorite among matcha connoisseurs.

Asahi Matcha Tea Leaves


Asahi matcha tea leaves are known for their large size, dark green color, and strong umami flavor. This variety is often used in high-quality ceremonial matcha and is highly prized for its exceptional taste.

Cultivation process

As with other matcha tea leaf varieties, Asahi leaves are shade-grown before harvest, with the shading period tailored to maximize flavor and aroma. The leaves are then steamed, dried, and ground into a fine powder.

Flavor profile

Asahi matcha is celebrated for its bold umami taste, combined with a mild sweetness and almost no bitterness. Its full-bodied flavor and smooth texture make it a popular choice for matcha enthusiasts.

Uji Hikari Matcha Tea Leaves


Uji Hikari is a rare matcha tea leaf variety that originated in the Uji region. Known for its bright green color and high-quality taste, it's often used in premium ceremonial matcha.

Cultivation process

Uji Hikari matcha tea leaves are shade-grown and carefully harvested to ensure the highest quality. The leaves are then steamed, dried, and ground into a fine powder, similar to other matcha varieties.

Flavor profile

Uji Hikari matcha is famous for its exquisite taste, featuring a rich umami flavor with a gentle sweetness and minimal bitterness. Its smooth, creamy texture and lingering aftertaste make it a highly sought-after variety.

Saemidori Matcha Tea Leaves


Saemidori, a crossbreed of Yabukita and Asahi varieties, is known for its vibrant green color and exceptional flavor profile. It's often used in high-quality matcha blends, providing a delightful balance of taste and aroma.

Cultivation process

Saemidori matcha tea leaves are shade-grown for several weeks before harvest to enhance their color, flavor, and aroma. The leaves are then steamed, dried, and ground into a fine powder, as is the case with other matcha varieties.

Flavor profile

Saemidori matcha offers a harmonious blend of flavors, featuring a rich umami taste, mild sweetness, and a hint of bitterness. Its well-rounded flavor profile and smooth texture make it a popular choice for those seeking a balanced matcha experience.

Comparing Matcha Tea Leaf Varieties

Factors to consider

When comparing matcha tea leaf varieties, it's essential to consider factors such as color, texture, flavor, and aroma. The length of the shading period, cultivation methods, and processing techniques can also influence the final product.

Taste differences

Each matcha tea leaf variety has a unique flavor profile, ranging from intense umami to mild sweetness and varying levels of bitterness. Personal preferences play a significant role in determining which variety is most enjoyable.

Health benefits

All matcha tea leaf varieties offer health benefits due to their high antioxidant content, energy-boosting properties, and stress-relieving qualities. However, some varieties may have slightly higher concentrations of specific nutrients, such as theanine or catechins, depending on the cultivation and processing methods.

How to Choose the Best Matcha Tea Leaves

Quality indicators

To select the best matcha tea leaves, look for a vivid green color, fine texture, and strong aroma. High-quality matcha should have a smooth, rich taste with minimal bitterness.

Personal preferences

Consider your personal taste preferences when choosing matcha tea leaves. If you enjoy a strong umami flavor, opt for varieties like Okumidori or Gokou. If you prefer a milder, sweeter taste, Yabukita or Saemidori may be more suitable.

Preparing Matcha Tea

Traditional method

The traditional method of preparing matcha tea involves sifting the powder to remove clumps, then whisking it with hot water using a bamboo whisk (chasen) until a frothy consistency is achieved.

Modern techniques

Modern techniques for preparing matcha tea include using electric milk frothers or hand-held immersion blenders to achieve a smooth, frothy texture. Some people also enjoy matcha tea prepared with milk or a milk alternative for a creamier taste.

Matcha Tea Recipes

Matcha latte

A matcha latte is a delicious, creamy beverage made by mixing matcha tea with steamed milk or a milk alternative. Sweeteners like honey or agave syrup can be added for extra flavor.

Matcha smoothie

A matcha smoothie is a refreshing, energizing drink made by blending matcha tea with fruits, vegetables, yogurt, or milk. Customize your smoothie with your favorite ingredients for a personalized taste.

Storing Matcha Tea Leaves

Proper storage methods

To preserve the freshness and quality of your matcha tea leaves, store them in an airtight container, away from light, heat, and moisture.

Shelf life

When stored properly, matcha tea leaves can last up to a year. However, for optimal flavor and nutritional benefits, it's best to consume matcha within three to six months of purchase.

The Health Benefits of Matcha Tea Leaves


Matcha tea leaves are packed with antioxidants, including catechins, which help protect your body against free radicals and oxidative stress.

Energy boost

Matcha tea provides a natural, sustained energy boost without the anxiety effects associated with other caffeinated beverages. The presence of L-theanine in matcha also promotes relaxation and mental clarity.

Stress relief

The calming effect of L-theanine found in matcha tea leaves can help reduce stress and anxiety, making it an excellent beverage choice for promoting relaxation and overall well-being.


From Samidori to Okumidori, and many varieties in between, the world of matcha tea leaves offers a diverse range of flavors and characteristics to explore. Whether you're a seasoned matcha enthusiast or a curious newcomer, there's a matcha tea leaf variety waiting to be discovered that suits your taste buds and preferences. Don't be afraid to experiment with different types and blends to find your perfect matcha experience.


Q1: What's the difference between ceremonial and culinary matcha?

Ceremonial matcha is made from the highest quality tea leaves and is intended for traditional Japanese tea ceremonies. It has a more delicate flavor, vibrant green color, and finer texture compared to culinary matcha, which is intended for use in cooking and baking.

Q2: Can I use any matcha tea leaf variety for cooking and baking?

While you can use any matcha tea leaf variety for cooking and baking, culinary matcha is typically more affordable and better suited for these purposes due to its stronger flavor profile.

Q3: Is it safe to consume matcha tea leaves during pregnancy?

While matcha tea leaves offer numerous health benefits, they do contain caffeine. Pregnant women should consult their healthcare provider before consuming matcha or any other caffeinated beverages.

Q4: Can I make matcha tea without a bamboo whisk (chasen)?

Yes, you can prepare matcha tea without a bamboo whisk by using alternative tools such as an electric milk frother or a hand-held immersion blender to achieve a smooth, frothy consistency.

Q5: How much matcha tea should I consume per day?

Moderation is key when it comes to consuming matcha tea. One to two servings per day is generally considered safe for most individuals. However, it's essential to listen to your body and adjust your consumption accordingly.


Relevant Links

Matcha Benefits

How to Make Matcha Tea

Matcha Recipes

Matcha Buying Guide

Matcha Accessories

Ceremonial vs. Culinary Matcha

History of Matcha

Japanese Tea Ceremony

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